Henri De Toulouse-Lautrec - Nice, On The Promenade Des Anglais - 1880

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901) Part II

When the Moulin Rouge cabaret opened, Toulouse-Lautrec was commissioned to produce a series of posters. His mother had left Paris and, though he had a regular income from his family, making posters offered him a living of his own. Other artists looked down on the work, but he ignored them. The cabaret reserved a seat for him and displayed his ... More

Henri De Toulouse-Lautrec - Devotion - The Two Girlfriends - 1895

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901) Part I

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa was born at the Hôtel du Bosc in Albi, Tarn, in the Midi-Pyrénées region of France, the firstborn child of Alphonse Charles Comte de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (1838–1913) and his wife Adèle Zoë Tapié de Celeyran (1841–1930). The last part of his name means he was a member of an aristo... More

Maurice Utrillo - Saint Barthelemy Squere And The Church, Melun (Seine And Marne), 1922

Maurice Utrillo (1883-1955) Part II

In middle age Utrillo became fervently religious and in 1935, at the age of fifty-two, he married Lucie Valore and moved to Le Vesinet, just outside Paris. By that time, he was too ill to work in the open air and painted landscapes viewed from windows, from post cards, and from memory. Although his life also was plagued by alcoholism, he ... More

Henri Lebasque - Sheep In The Village Street, 1895

Henri Lebasque (1865 – 1937) Part II

Lebasque was a founding member of the Salon d'Automne in 1903 with his friend Henri Matisse and exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants. Two years later, a group of artists exhibited there including Georges Rouault, André Derain, Henri Ottmann, Édouard Vuillard, and Matisse. He also became friends with artists such as Gustave Rouault, ... More

Camille Pissarro - Unloading Wood At Rouen, 1896

Camille Pissarro (1830-1903) Part III

Pissarro experimented with Neo-Impressionist ideas between 1885 and 1890. Discontented with what he referred to as "romantic Impressionism," he investigated Pointillism which he called "scientific Impressionism" before returning to a purer Impressionism in the last decade of his life. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}... More

Camille Pissarro - The Pont Neuf, 1902

Camille Pissarro (1830-1903) Part II

In 1890 Pissarro returned to England and painted some ten scenes of central London. He came back again in 1892, painting in Kew Gardens and Kew Green, and also in 1897, when he produced several oils of Bedford Park, Chiswick. For more details of his British visits, see Nicholas Reed, "Camille Pissarro at Crystal Palace" and "Pissarro in West ... More

Vincent Van Gogh - Wheat Fields With Stacks, 1888

Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) part III

On January 31, 1890, Theo and his wife, Johanna, gave birth to a boy and named him after van Gogh. Around this time, Theo sold van Gogh's "The Red Vineyards" painting for 400 francs. Also around this time, Dr. Paul Gachet, who lived in Auvers, about 20 miles north of Paris, agreed to take van Gogh as his patient. Van Gogh moved to Auvers and ... More

Vincent Van Gogh - Starry Night Over The Rhone, 1888

Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) part II

Van Gogh had a catastrophic love life. He was attracted to women in trouble, thinking he could help them. When he fell in love with his recently widowed cousin, Kate, she was repulsed and fled to her home in Amsterdam. Van Gogh then moved to The Hague and fell in love with Clasina Maria Hoornik, an alcoholic prostitute. She became his ... More

Vincent Van Gogh - Houses With Thatched Roofs, Cordeville, 1890

Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) part I

Vincent van Gogh was born Vincent Willem van Gogh on March 30, 1853, in Groot-Zundert, Netherlands. Vincent van Gogh’s father, Theodorus van Gogh, was an austere country minister, and his mother, Anna Cornelia Carbentus, was a moody artist whose love of nature, drawing and watercolors was transferred to her son. Van Gogh was born ... More

Paul Cezanne - The Trees Of Jas De Bouffan, 1875-76

Paul Cézanne (1839-1906) part II

From 1882, Cézanne executed a substantial number of landscape pictures of his native Aix and of L’Estaque, a small fishing village near Marseille, in which he continues to concentrate on pictorial problems of creating depth. Here Cézanne used an organized system of layers to construct a series of horizontal planes, which build dimension ... More